Outside Lisbon


Guimarães: The Cradle of Portugal


Guimarães is not just another Portuguese city; it’s the birthplace of a nation. Known as the “Cradle City,” Guimarães exudes a sense of history and importance that is palpable as you wander its charming streets. With its well-preserved medieval architecture, cultural landmarks, and vibrant local life, it’s a must-see for anyone visiting Portugal.

Historical Sketch

Founded in the 9th century, Guimarães is often considered the birthplace of Portuguese nationality and identity. The city’s castle, Paço dos Duques, and its historic center are collectively listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, giving testimony to its significant role in history.

Guimarães Castle: The Birthplace of a Nation

No visit to Guimarães would be complete without exploring its iconic castle. Often touted as the birthplace of Afonso Henriques, the first King of Portugal, this fortress offers panoramic views and a deep dive into the country’s history.

Paço dos Duques: A Duke’s Palace

Adjacent to the castle is the stunning Paço dos Duques. This grand residence showcases period furniture, tapestries, and artefacts, making it a splendid journey back in time.

Largo da Oliveira: The City’s Heartbeat

For a dose of local life, make your way to Largo da Oliveira. This bustling square is the city’s social hub, surrounded by cafes, shops, and the beautiful Church of Nossa Senhora da Oliveira.

Cable Car to Penha Mountain: A Ride to Remember

If you crave nature and panoramic views, the cable car ride to Penha Mountain is unmissable. The vista from the top encompasses the entire city and provides a perfect backdrop for unforgettable photos.

Cuisine: A Taste of the North

When it comes to food, Guimarães offers traditional northern Portuguese cuisine. Local specialties like “Bacalhau à Minhota” (Minho-style codfish) and “Torta de Guimarães” (a unique pastry) should be on your gastronomic itinerary.

Getting Around: Foot-Friendly and Convenient

The best way to explore Guimarães is on foot, allowing you to absorb its history and atmosphere fully. For farther distances, the city offers public transportation options, including buses and taxis.


In summary, Guimarães is a captivating blend of history, culture, and modern life. Whether you’re drawn to its ancient landmarks, bustling squares, or scenic vistas, this city offers a multifaceted experience. Guimarães is not just a destination; it’s an exploration of Portugal’s very roots.

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